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Fair Disclosure, Regulation FD

Regulation FD addresses the selective disclosure of information by publicly traded companies and other issuers. Regulation FD provides that when an issuer discloses material nonpublic information to certain individuals or entities—generally, securities market professionals, such as stock analysts, or holders of the issuer's securities who may well trade on the basis of the information—the issuer must also make public disclosure of that information. In this way, Regulation FD aims to promote full and fair disclosure.

Filing and Registration Fees

The SEC collects fees under various provisions of the securities laws, including the following:

Section 6(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 (for registrations of securities);

Section 13(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (for specified repurchases of securities);

Section 14(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (for proxy solicitations and statements in corporate control transactions); and 

Fill-Or-Kill Order

A Fill-Or-Kill order is an order to buy or sell a stock that must be executed immediately in its entirety; otherwise, the entire order will be cancelled (i.e., no partial execution of the order is allowed). 

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Financial Planners

A financial planner typically prepares financial plans for his or her clients. The kinds of services financial planners offer can vary widely. Some financial planners assess every aspect of your financial life—including saving, investments, insurance, taxes, retirement, and estate planning—and help you develop a detailed strategy or financial plan for meeting all your financial goals. Other professionals call themselves financial planners, but they may only be able to recommend that you invest in a narrow range of products and sometimes products that aren't securities.

Financial Product

Examples of financial products include but are not limited to the following: stocks, bonds, derivatives, and currencies.

Financial Professionals – Background Checks

You should check out the registration status and background of any financial professional before becoming a client.  Even if a close friend or family member recommends a financial professional, you should still check out that person to make sure they are licensed and for signs of potential problems.  Anyone registered to sell securities or provide investment advice generally must disclose certain customer complaints, lawsuits and arbitrations, regulatory actions, employment terminations, bankruptcy filings, and certain other criminal or civil legal proceedings.  You should also be able to f

Fixed Annuity

An insurance product that promises a minimum rate of interest while your account is growing. The insurance company also guarantees that the periodic payment will be for a set amount for a fixed period, such as 20 years, or an indefinite period, such as your lifetime.

Floor

The lower limit for the interest rate on a floating-rate bond.

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA)

The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) generally prohibits the bribing of foreign officials. The FCPA also requires publicly traded companies to maintain accurate books and records and to have a sys-tem of internal controls sufficient to provide reason-able assurances that transactions are executed and assets are accounted for in accordance with management’s authorization and recorded as necessary to permit the preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (known as “GAAP”).

Foreign currency exchange (forex)

A foreign currency exchange rate is a price that represents how much it costs to buy the currency of one country using the currency of another country. Currency traders buy and sell currencies through forex transactions based on how they expect currency exchange rates will fluctuate. When the value of one currency rises relative to another, traders will earn profits if they purchased the appreciating currency, or suffer losses if they sold the appreciating currency.

 

Additional Information

Foreign Regulators

The SEC is the primary overseer of the U.S. securities markets while foreign regulators oversee securities markets in other jurisdictions. The SEC and most foreign securities regulators are members of International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO), which develops, implements and promotes adherence to internationally recognized standards for securities regulation.

Form 10-K

The federal securities laws require publicly reporting companies to disclose information on an ongoing basis. For example, domestic companies must submit annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and current reports on Form 8-K for a number of specified events and must comply with a variety of other disclosure requirements.

Form 10-Q

The federal securities laws require publicly reporting companies to disclose information on an ongoing basis. For example, domestic issuers must submit annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and current reports on Form 8-K for a number of specified events and must comply with a variety of other disclosure requirements.

Form 13F -—Reports Filed by Institutional Investment Managers

An institutional investment manager that uses the U.S. mail (or other means or instrumentality of interstate commerce) in the course of its business, and exercises investment discretion over $100 million or more in Section 13(f) securities (explained below) must report its holdings quarterly on Form 13F with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Form 8-K

In addition to filing annual reports on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, publicly reporting companies must report certain material corporate events on a more current basis. Form 8-K is known as a “current report” and it is the report that companies must file with the SEC to announce major events that shareholders should know about.

Form CRS

Form CRS is a client or customer relationship summary. Advisers and brokers are required to deliver a relationship summary to you beginning in summer 2020. The relationship summary contains important information about the adviser or broker.

Choosing or continuing to work with a financial professional is an important decision. Advisers and brokers offer different types of services and are paid differently. Reading a relationship summary can help you decide if an adviser or broker is right for you.

Form D

Companies may use an exemption under Regulation D to offer and sell securities without having to register the offering with the SEC. When relying on such an exemption, companies must file what’s known as a "Form D" after they first sell their securities.

Fraudster

A person whose goal is to con people out of their money.

Free look Period

Variable annuity contracts typically have a "free look" period of ten or more days. During this period, you are free to terminate your contract without paying any surrender charges and you will receive a refund for the amount you paid. The "free look" period is a time for you to continue to ask questions so that you understand the variable annuity and are sure that it is right for you.

Freeriding

In a cash account, an investor must pay for the purchase of a security before selling it.  If an investor buys and sells a security before paying for it, the investor is “freeriding” which is not permitted under the Federal Reserve Board’s Regulation T and may require the investor’s broker to

Freeze, Brokerage Account

In a cash account, an investor must pay for the purchase of a security before selling it.  If an investor buys and sells a security before paying for it, the investor is “freeriding,” which is not permitted under the Federal Reserve Board’s Regulation T and may require the investor’s broker to “freeze” the investor’

Front-end Load

An upfront sales charge investors pay when they buy fund shares. It generally is used by the fund to compensate brokers. A front-end load is deducted from the purchase and reduces the amount available to buy fund shares.

Future Value

The value of an asset at a specified date in the future.

Futures contract

An agreement to buy or sell a specific quantity of a commodity or financial instrument at a specified price on a particular date in the future.

Futures Market

Markets that trade futures contracts for commodities such as gold, oil or wheat, as well as financial futures.